A brief lesson on Peruvian alpaca fleece

Peruviana Shop aims to raise the profile of Perú's natural fibers, especially alpaca.

Alpaca fiber embodies the qualities in Peruviana Shop's design philosophy: simplicity,

versatility, quality and longevity. We hope you fall in love with alpaca fiber too!


Alpaca fleece is categorized as a specialty fiber, with the fashion industry making use

of it in the manufacture of luxury goods. Burberry’s Fall/ Winter 2014 collection includes

sumptuous alpaca coats and sweaters. The Incas must have been onto something, as

alpaca fleece was once reserved for Incan royalty and was called “The Fiber of the Gods.”


Alpaca fleece is as soft as cashmere and warmer and lighter than wool. It is known for

its silky sheen and luxurious softness and other amazing qualities. Its hollow fibers help

to regulate body temperature, keeping the wearer cool in the warmer seasons and

warm in the cooler climates.


Originally from the Andean Mountains of Perú, Chile and Bolivia, alpacas played an

important role in Incan culture. Domesticated more than 5,000 years ago, they have long

been prized for their fleece, and are treated as one of Perú's national treasures.


Perú produces 90% of the total world production of alpaca. In recent years, interest in

alpaca fiber clothing has surged, perhaps partly because alpaca ranching has a reasonably

low impact on the environment. Alpaca is all natural and biodegradable, making alpaca

a truly green textile.


Peruviana Shop offers a curated collection of garments made with alpaca, Superfine

alpaca and Baby Alpaca. Contrary to its name, Baby Alpaca does not refer to fleece from

baby alpacas – its name is related to the measure of the fiber density. Baby Alpaca is of

a superior quality – it is extremely soft with a silky sheen, and also incredibly strong yet

lightweight (so it is perfect for a fall transitional piece).


Fine woven alpaca garments in remarkably good condition have recently been discovered

in Peruvian ruins dating back 2500 years. Plus, the Incas used this fiber to build suspension

bridges. Just think how long your new alpaca sweater will last!


Additional facts about alpaca fiber:

Alpacas are closely related to camels and llamas.

Alpaca fleece comes in 22 natural colors.

It has no lanolin, which makes it hypoallergenic. Because it is lanolin free, it is possible to

clean the raw fiber with environmentally friendlier mild biodegradable detergent. Alpaca

sweaters will also stay cleaner longer as the fibers don’t hold dust.

It does not retain water, is thermal even when wet and can resist solar radiation effectively.

These characteristics guarantee the animals a permanent and appropriate coat to protect

against extreme changes of temperature. This fiber offers the same protection to humans.

Alpaca is more flame resistant than plant or synthetic fibers.

Outdoor sports enthusiasts recognize alpaca’s lighter weight and better warmth, which

provides them more comfort in colder weather.

Alpaca breathes better than thermal knits.